According to ISO Standard 3448, which will be discussed further in an upcoming article, there are both strengths and weaknesses to consider. Centipoise viscosity units are deemed more accurate in representing the operational characteristics of hydraulic systems. To estimate centipoise values for a given lubricant, one can multiply the centistokes value at the 40°C test temperature (e.g., 100 cSt) by the lubricant’s specific gravity (e.g., 0.85). For instance, a 100 cSt oil with a specific gravity of 0.85 would result in a viscosity of 85 cPs. Although the subsequent charts rely solely on centistokes increments, the outcomes could be converted to dynamic viscosity values.

The Viscosity Index (VI) of a Car Lift Repair Tampa Florida lubricant reflects how its thickness varies with temperature changes. It’s commonly understood that lubricants, including hydraulic oils, become thicker as temperature decreases and thinner as it increases. The VI number provides insight into whether the fluid can effectively maintain system functionality across a broad temperature range. A higher VI value indicates a fluid more conducive to efficient system performance and safe cold temperature startup.

Car Lift Repair Tampa Florida Mineral oil-based lubricants possess VI values ranging from 95 (API Group I, solvent-refined basestocks) to 130 (API Group III, hydrocracked and severely hydrotreated basestocks), with some high-performance mineral oils falling within this spectrum.

Additive Classification (AW, R&O) denotes the characteristics of commonly used additive packages. AW signifies antiwear, while R&O stands for rust and oxidation inhibition. Antiwear products are formulated to safeguard load-bearing surfaces from wear when they come into contact, whereas R&O products, lacking certain agents for protecting metal surfaces from rubbing, compensate by extending service life cycles with reduced production of oxidation byproducts. In low-pressure and low-temperature systems, R&O oils may serve as a suitable option.

Engine, transmission, and hydraulic oils incorporate antiwear additives. While hydraulic fluids prioritize wear resistance, they also address the need to expel air and water and combat oxidation. The blend of additives in hydraulic fluids facilitates these performance aspects. Engine and transmission oils offer wear resistance suitable for hydraulic circuits, but some additives essential for engine longevity, such as detergents, dispersants, and viscosity index modifiers, can be counterproductive in hydraulic systems.

Certain Car Lift Repair Tampa Florida manufacturers of heavy construction and mining machinery recommend using engine or transmission oil in hydraulic circuits to streamline maintenance and reduce associated costs. While this approach achieves its objective, opting for engine oils may curtail the lifespan of hydraulic system components due to increased water and air content retained in the oil.

Given the choice, it’s preferable to operate hydraulic systems with specifically formulated AW type hydraulic fluids selected based on viscosity. Regular monitoring of the fluid’s condition is crucial to gauge its long-term ability to expel water and air and maintain oxidation stability.


Selecting the most suitable viscosity for the overall operating temperature range is a straightforward process. The goal is to identify an antiwear (AW) type product that aligns with both the ideal viscosity operating state and the cold-start absolute limit. This involves understanding the viscosity characteristics and comparing the performance of acceptable options on a viscosity reference chart, following these steps:

Step 1: Determine the original equipment manufacturer’s (OEM) viscosity parameters, utilizing information such as that provided in Figure 2 as a typical reference.

Step 2: Establish the anticipated operating temperature range and the lowest temperature at startup. If the system is not yet operational, refer to design documentation for the expected operating temperature range. For instance, let’s assume an operational range between 50°C and 70°C, with a coldest startup temperature of -20°C.

Step 3: Plot the optimal high, low, and maximum viscosity for cold-start conditions on a temperature-viscosity chart, which can be obtained from oil company customer service departments. This delineates the optimum working range on the viscosity reference chart, typically highlighted in yellow.

Step 4: Identify available Car Lift Repair Tampa Florida hydraulic oil options and review their product data specifications. Usually, viscosity details at 40°C and 100°C are provided. Plot these values on the chart, with temperature range depicted along the bottom and oil viscosity along the side.

Step 5: Determine if the plotted lines intersect within the optimal target window. Products that do so, based on the provided parameters, will enable the system to operate within its target viscosity range, ensuring optimal efficiency.

Products that fulfill the system’s viscosity requirements for optimal viscosity are identified by plotting the viscosity slope of each product against the maximum allowable viscosity line, typically the top line on the chart. If the viscosity line intersects the limit line at a temperature higher than the anticipated cold-start conditions (e.g., the red line at -20°C in our example), the product does not meet this criterion.

Step 7: There’s an option to adjust the cold-start lower limit by incorporating heaters into the system or by selecting a product that complies with this requirement and fits within the ideal operating window for the system conditions. The VI (Viscosity Index) value of the oil becomes relevant at this juncture. As mentioned earlier, products with higher VI values exhibit slower viscosity changes with temperature fluctuations. VHVI (Very High Viscosity Index) and XHVI (Extremely High Viscosity Index) mineral oils, as well as various synthetic products, boast VI values nearing 200. While these Car Lift Repair Tampa Florida products entail a higher cost, they may offer lower overall usage costs compared to lower-priced but less suitable conventional oils, depending on the application.

Car Lift Repair Tampa Florida offers a platform to input system operating characteristics, motor types, fuel costs, etc., to ascertain the potential cost savings achievable through the use of VHVI type products. This resource is particularly beneficial for those with engine-driven hydraulic systems seeking ways to mitigate costs associated with the escalating price of diesel fuel.

When specifying Car Lift Repair Tampa Florida hydraulic system fluids, it’s crucial to consider their distinct efficiency component. The reliability of machines and components is equally vital in hydraulic systems as in any other system. However, even with reliable components, if the volumetric and mechanical efficiencies of the system are not harmonized, it will result in significant energy consumption and wastage during normal system operations.

Several fluid properties play a central role in product selection, including kinematic viscosity, viscosity index (VI), pour point limits, and the types of additives used. While engine oil and transmission fluids are sometimes designated for hydraulic systems in construction and mining machinery, they come with drawbacks related to the types of additives utilized and their impact on the release of contaminants such as water and air.